“Review the evidence on the topic of escalation being a ‘norm’ in abusive intimate relationships”
Family and Domestic violence (FDV) is a global problem with significant social, economic, and health consequences for victims including increased health care costs, mental trauma, and social stigmatization.
In Australia, the estimated annual cost of FDV is $22 billion, with one woman being murdered by a current or former partner every week. The New South Wales Police Force (NSWPF) attends and subsequently records details on thousands of FDV events each year (123,330 in 2017) in their COPS database, an interface for the Computerized Operational Policing System (COPS) that captures and analyses crime information on an organization-wide basis. This is extremely important because the police being the first responders to domestic violence calls, use it to assess the risk and to determine the responses that should follow the risk assessment. However, police are aware that in such situations, they must not prioritise evidence of escalation over other factors when assessing domestic violence reoffending risk.
To know how to respond to domestic violence, we need to know first about the nature of domestic violence, and how it changes over time. And, secondly, what do we know about the escalation? How do we measure it, and how does it become a characteristic of an abusive relationship.
This paper talks about the evidence found in research on the escalation of domestic violence so to determine the role of escalation in predicting further violence in intimate relationships, and it points further research into the right direction. This is useful, as lack of research in Australia has left the domestic violence responders to rely heavily on the United States to inform them on the escalation in domestic violence.
Likewise, research has brought into question the effectiveness of the current measurement scales with concerns that currently, some of them frame domestic violence as a result of an argument, rather than a deliberate effort of one person to control another.
In this session, you will:
- Discuss the definition of escalation
- Learn how escalation has been measured
- Review the evidence on the topic of escalation being a ‘norm’ in abusive intimate relationships
- Consider further research necessary to address the issue of escalation
Lilliana Levada is an experienced clinician with over 35 years of clinical experience in perioperative nursing (instrument, circulatory, anaesthetic, PACU, educator, consultant and manager nursing roles), intensive care nursing, patient flow management, after-hours hospital management and patient safety management…Read More>>